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Inventing the Alphabet: The Origins of Letters from Antiquity to the Present

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Himelfarb, Elizabeth J. "First Alphabet Found in Egypt", Archaeology 53, Issue 1 (January/February 2000): 21. According to a 1904 theory by Theodor Nöldeke, some of the letter names were changed in Phoenician from the Proto-Canaanite script. [ dubious – discuss] This includes: It is important to remember that British alphabet does not include digraphs that are widely used in the language such as ch, th, gh, wh, zh, and others. Alphabet, Hebrew". Encyclopaedia Judaica (CD-ROM Edition Version 1.0). Ed. Cecil Roth. Keter Publishing House. ISBN 965-07-0665-8 Millard, A. R. (1986). "The Infancy of the Alphabet". World Archaeology. 17 (3): 390–398. doi: 10.1080/00438243.1986.9979978. JSTOR 124703.

Pierre Tallet, former president of the French Society of Egyptology, supports Goldwasser’s theory: “Of course [the theory] makes sense, as it is clear that whoever wrote these inscriptions in the Sinai did not know hieroglyphs,” he told me. “And the words they are writing are in a Semitic language, so they must have been Canaanites, who we know were there from the Egyptians’ own written record here in the temple.”K.Another letter that proves multiple sources of English language origin as it came from the Semitic letter Kaf, which, in turn, originated from Egyptian hieroglyph standing for “hand”. It appeared in English through Latin alphabet that utilized Greek letter Kappa.

Why do people keep referring to this as the “Phoenician” alphabet, rather than the Canaanite alphabet? The Phoenicians referred to themselves as the Canaanites, (see Wikipedia https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Phoenicia) and the first examples were found in the Sinai. Per the article above: “…Phoenician script itself seems to derive from an abjad in use in the Sinai peninsula in the early second millennium B.C.E…”Read also: Features all accurate certified Arabic translation servicesshould offer. Why One Need to Know History Behind English Letters? In the century since the discovery of those first scratched letters in the Sinai mines, the reigning academic consensus has been that highly educated people must have created the alphabet. But Goldwasser’s research is upending that notion. She suggests that it was actually a group of illiterate Canaanite miners who made the breakthrough, unversed in hieroglyphs and unable to speak Egyptian but inspired by the pictorial writing they saw around them. In this view, one of civilization’s most profound and most revolutionary intellectual creations came not from an educated elite but from illiterate laborers, who usually get written out of history.

He estimates that Cadmus lived sixteen hundred years before his time (while the historical adoption of the alphabet by the Greeks was barely 350 years before Herodotus). [17] The Paleo-Hebrew alphabet is a regional variant of the Phoenician alphabet, so called when used to write early Hebrew. The Samaritan alphabet is a development of Paleo-Hebrew, emerging in the 6th century BC. The South Arabian script may be derived from a stage of the Proto-Sinaitic script predating the mature development of the Phoenician alphabet proper. The Geʽez script developed from South Arabian.Millard, A. R. (1986). "The infancy of the alphabet". World Archaeology. 17 (3): 390–398. doi: 10.1080/00438243.1986.9979978. JSTOR 124703. In other words, Dewey created a system that functioned for his white male Christian world, but is highly problematic for librarians trying to file, say, books on Islam or feminism today.

He'd been to university there and was hired in his early 20s to create a catalogue. He hadn't travelled. He didn't know much about libraries.Daniélou, Alain (2003). A Brief History of India. Simon and Schuster. pp.52–53. ISBN 9781594777943. In 1905, a couple of Egyptologists, Sir William and Hilda Flinders Petrie, who were married, first excavated the temple, documenting thousands of votive offerings there. The pair also discovered curious signs on the side of a mine, and began to notice them elsewhere, on walls and small statues. Some signs were clearly related to hieroglyphs, yet they were simpler than the beautiful pictorial Egyptian script on the temple walls. The Petries recognized the signs as an alphabet, though decoding the letters would take another decade, and tracing the source of the invention far longer. To me, this is an amazing intellectual achievement. If I said to you, “As a speaker, you know nothing about linguistics. I want you to analyze English as you use it and tell me how many sounds there are.” You couldn’t do that. I couldn’t do that. Could you, listening to a native Japanese speaker, know how many sounds though there were in that language that are meaningful? So, what happens in the ancient Near East around 1700 BCE is that there is a sufficient understanding of the sound structure of language to begin make a set of signs to represent those sounds. The problem at the core of the Dewey system is, says Flanders, that it is "hugely value-laden". More stories from Late Night Live: N.While its development started from Egyptian hieroglyph “snake” that represented a different sound, a long way through Phoenician, Greek, Arabic, and Latin alphabets shaped its current representation. Only linguists could explain all processes but localization servicecan surely help if there is a translation task of similar complexity.

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