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Learning Theories Simplified: ...and how to apply them to teaching

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I know what you’re thinking. “How the hell am I supposed to do all of these” or “which ones should I use” or “I’m more confused than ever!”. This led the pigeons to repeat these actions, believing (in anthropomorphic terms) that their behavior was causing the food to appear.

Prizing, Accepting and Trusting. A teacher should care about their students and accept their feelings, regardless of whether they assist or detract from learning. Through these characteristics, deeper trust and respect is built. For Vygotsky, language is at the heart of all this because a) it’s the primary means by which the MKO and the child communicate ideas and b) internalizing it is enormously powerful in cementing understanding about the world. To do this, the conditions (or contingencies) required to receive the reward should shift each time the organism moves a step closer to the desired behavior.Operant conditioning is based on Thorndike’s “Law of Effect” (1898), in which it is proposed that behaviors that are followed by positive responses are likely to be repeated and those that are followed by negative responses, not repeated. Remember that accurate, up-to-date information is a core principle of connectivism. This means you can’t create a library of online learning resources and then let it sit. This is known as negative reinforcement because it is the removal of an adverse stimulus which is ‘rewarding’ to the animal or person. Negative reinforcement strengthens behavior because it stops or removes an unpleasant experience. These ranked subdivisions are what we commonly refer to as Bloom’s taxonomy. The original subdivisions are as follows (knowledge is the lowest with evaluation being the most cognitively difficult): The pigeons began to act as if their behaviors had a direct effect on the presentation of food, even though there was no such connection. This is likened to human superstitions, where rituals are believed to change outcomes, even if they have no real effect.

Roger’s proposed three attitudinal core characteristics that a teacher should possess for facilitative learning to be successful:

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Gamification and game-based learning is a great way to get people to think creatively and draw connections, as it enables them to absorb course material in a different way. Look for a learning management system (LMS) like GoSkills that allows for games within your course modules. Gamification status levels in the GoSkills LMS make learning fun and engaging 3. Constructivism The highlights of this revision were switching names of the subdivisions from nouns to verbs, thus making them easier to use when curriculum and lesson planning. In the conventional learning situation, operant conditioning applies largely to issues of class and student management, rather than to learning content. It is very relevant to shaping skill performance.

For instance, if a child gets praised (pleasant consequence) for cleaning their room (behavior), they’re more likely to clean their room in the future. The affective domain (sometimes referred to as the feeling domain) is concerned with feelings and emotions and also divides objectives into hierarchical subcategories. It was proposed by Krathwohl and Bloom in 1964. Adaptation processes: These allow the transition from one stage to another. He called these: Equilibrium, Assimilation and Accommodation. Skinner (1948) studied operant conditioning by conducting experiments using animals which he placed in a “ Skinner Box” which was similar to Thorndike’s puzzle box. Erik Erikson was a stage theorist who developed Freud’s “Psychosexual Theory” and adapted it into a psychosocial (having both psychological and social aspects) theory encompassing eight stages.However, constructivism is built on the ideas of psychologist Lev Vygotsky, who also believed that learning is a collaborative process and that people (specifically, children) learn through interactions with someone who knows more than them (such as a tutor). To achieve his five conditions of learning, Gagné believed that learning would take place when students progress through nine levels of learning and that any teaching session should include a sequence of events through all nine levels. The idea was that the nine levels of learning activate the five conditions of learning and thus, learning will be achieved. Why are learning theories important? Well, because as our introduction highlighted, learning is somewhat individualized. The way that you receive, process, and retain information might not be the same way your team member does.

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